The Madarasz murder mystery: Might Helen haunt Brackenridge Park?

Warning: Copy from newspaper accounts describing violence or demonstrating racial prejudice of the day appears as written.

Cruising through Brackenridge Park at night, park police tell tales of the woman in the long flowing dress holding a basket of roses as she gracefully stoops, tending flower beds near the river. They turn their patrol cars around to shine headlights on the mysterious figure to find her vanished, the only trace of her presence a small pile of freshly plucked weeds.

Some nights, they see another woman silhouetted in the moonlight walking on the river wall by the upper pumphouse or precariously along the highest lip circling the Japanese Tea Garden. Her long dress is ripped off one shoulder, her hair springs wildly from its bun and she wields garden shears in such a threatening fashion they find themselves involuntarily crossing their legs.

These visions are the same, Helen Ujhazy Madarasz. Her ghost has roamed the area for more than a century in search of justice for the men who robbed, raped and killed her, setting her afire to destroy evidence of their crime.

First time you have heard of this ghost?

Okay. I confess. The ghost is a figment of my imagination, percolated in the bubbles of my bath.

But Helen was real. And, if a ghost needs an excuse to lurk in the dark, she certainly has reason to haunt Brackenridge Park.

Born in 1838, Helen Ujhazy was still a child when her idealistic Hungarian father found himself on the side of the underdog as the last fortress fell to the Austrians in 1849. While her father was greeted as a hero upon arrival in New York, according to James Patrick McGuire in The Hungarian Texans, the family’s journey to settle with fellow Hungarian exiles on farmland in New Buda, Iowa, was hard. And, for the first time in their lives, the Ujhazy girls had no servants.

McGuire wrote that Helen adapted quickly:

She was an excellent horsewoman, and, riding sidesaddle, she was responsible for herding the family’s newly purchased livestock…. In a letter written in February of 1851, Helen said that she was healthy despite the harsh winter and was making an overcoat from stag hide, which she had obtained from visiting Indians for eight scarves bought in Hamburg.

Helen’s mother died that fall, and, in mourning, her father left the family behind while traveling to look at the prospect of building a new life for them in San Antonio. During his absence, according to McGuire, the 15-year-old set her mind on marriage to Vilmos Madarasz, the teen-aged son of a fellow Hungarian immigrant. Despite, her father’s disapproval, the couple married in June of 1853. The newlyweds remained in New Buda with Vilmos’ family when Lazlo Ujhazy moved the rest of the family on to San Antonio.

In this case, father evidently knew best. Helen found herself two children later in Hungary with a straying husband, supposedly off settling business connected to his inheritance from his grandmother. While she once again had a maid, McGuire wrote she felt:

… abandoned by her husband, who was wasting his inheritance in rich living and flirting with women in another part of Hungary. This situation created a scandal in both their families. Described as uncontrollable as well as childish, lonely and weak, Madarasz let it be known that he considered his American civil marriage invalid in Hungary….

Reuniting with her father during his visit to Switzerland, a pregnant Helen and her two sons sailed with him to Texas in 1858. While aboard ship crossing between New Orleans and Galveston, she lost her youngest son to a raging fever.

In San Antonio, Helen moved into the Ujhazy house, Sirmezo, on Olmos Creek near the headwaters of the river (now Olmos Basin and Olmos Park). Texas did not impress Helen immediately, and she was not getting along with her older sister, Klara, in the cramped homestead. McGuire wrote, Helen complained in a letter she penned to another sister:

There is scarcely a day that I don’t ask God to liberate me from here.

Helen borrowed from her family against an expected inheritance arriving from Hungary to purchase a farm on the Cibolo. Farming alone was difficult – drought, scorpions and marauding Indians – and working the fields added years to her appearance. In 1864, she finally filed for divorce, granted by default.

Following the death of her father in 1870, her brother, Farkas, made a series of unfortunate business decisions affecting the estate. His main creditors, Dr. Ferdinand Herff and Judge Albert Dittmar, foreclosed on Sirmezo. Fortunately, prior to the sale, wrote McGuire, Farkas had at least transferred ownership of all moveable property and livestock to Helen.

While her siblings returned to Hungary, Helen had become a Texan. McGuire described her as having emerged as a capable, independent businesswoman, making money through real estate transactions and by loaning out profits.

In 1883, she purchased land on the river from George Brackenridge, who lived on the adjacent property, Fernridge. Brackenridge retained the water rights, wrote McGuire, for San Antonio Waterworks.

A 1911 postcard shows the beauty of the land in Brackenridge Park formerly owned by Helen Madarasz.

A May 1, 1899, edition of the San Antonio Daily Express described Helen’s home:

Her house was located in a beautiful Eden-like grove near the head of the San Antonio River; on it and its shrubs, flowers and foliage, as well as the grounds, she expended considerable of her means, and their beauty was famous. The old Madarasz home is in one of the most beautiful natural parks in Texas. It is a grove of tall, thick-boughed trees, under which rise several of the large springs that form the San Antonio River…. In the midst of this grove, with beds of former lagoons and spring feeders to the river, and the head arm of the river itself flowing close by, stood the neat little old-style cottage of Mrs. Madarasz.

The river waters and those of the ancient labor ditch provided the water needed for Ilka Nurseries, which her son Ladislaus operated until he began working in his new neighbor’s bank, First National Bank. This left Helen to run the nurseries and greenhouses.

Helen socialized with her neighbors, both suffragette Eleanor Brackenridge and her brother George, a friendship that attracted attention of others. McGuire wrote:

Colonel Brackenridge, also Helen’s close friend and a lifelong bachelor, possibly provided wise financial advice for her investments, and their names were linked in local gossip.

The divorcée and son managed to move amongst San Antonio’s high society. Helen was among the participants in the first, rather wild, Battle of Flowers Parade in 1891. She also presided at one end of the table at an elegant birthday celebration Ladislaus hosted for himself at the Lakeside Hotel, West End. An October 10, 1892, edition on the San Antonio Daily Light described the event in great detail, listing the Herffs, Kalteyers and Duerlers among the guests. The party stretched until “11 o’clock:”

… the conclusion of which the guests formed a circle around their host, touched glasses and silently drank to his future peace, pleasure and prosperity….”

Ah, but if only the power of the toast had proved more potent. Fortunes changed.

While on April 23, 1895, the San Antonio Daily Light reported Mrs. H. Madarasz received the first ribbon award for the best general collection in the Rose Show, the headlines on May 2 brought bad news about Ladislaus’ role in the disappearance of large sums of cash at First National Bank:

The bank officials are reticent, but enough has been learned to say that he was infatuated with the great American game of poker, and was a heavy player at club tables, often losing or winning as high as $500 on a night’s play….

It is understood the poker rooms frequented by Mr. Madarasz were those of Thurmond, on Dolorosa Street. Very high, or unlimited play is said to be allowed there….

Among the “goody-goody” folks, Mr. Madarasz was thought to be such a “nice” man.

Ladislaus fled the country, and the embarrassed Helen, according to McGuire, became reclusive, focusing on her greenhouses.

Then the final tragedy befell her. At first, the San Antonio Daily Express of April 30, 1899, reported that Helen accidentally had burned to death in a fire in a home that took fire fighters downtown too long to reach. But on May 1, the San Antonio Daily Light started unfolding a more grisly story and the incendiarism ignited to conceal it:

Aged Lady* Killed Robbed and Burned….

In the ruins were found the remains of Mrs. Madarasz on some blood-soaked bedding in the bedroom. The trunk of the body and the back of the head was all that remained of this venerable and well-known lady. She had either been burned alive after being wounded near death or had been smothered by the smoke.

The Light speculated about the motives:

Deceased was supposed to have always a sum of money in her home. She had been in quite opulent circumstances in former years, and by the sale of flowers recently from the nursery for Flower Battle decorations and for the State Medical Convention it was known she had at least $200 in the house….

It is said Mrs. Madarasz possessed a large quantity of old jewelry, old family heirlooms as well as valuable bric-a-brac and silver, none of which have been accounted for.

And pointing of fingers began quickly:

The theory generally accepted about the city that some Mexicans who are strangers and have recently arrived at the rock quarry settlement, near Mrs. Madarasz’ place, from Mexico, on their way to East Texas, are responsible for the crime.

A $1,000 reward was posted for information in the case. But rather than Mexicans surfacing as suspects, Captain James Van Riper traveled to Alice, Texas, to fetch two suspects in another case and exacted a confession from William Cary, also known as John Sands, a confession also implicating J.W. Hart.

These two suspects were African American, and indignation raged in the city as the news of the arrest spread. Talk turned to hanging, so precautions were taken. According to the June 21 edition of the Daily Light:

Sheriff Campbell had carefully made plans to avoid  any disorder and notified Van Riper to have the train stopped before the depot.

The suspects were slipped off the train and driven in a hack to the county jail.

But once again, suspects were cleared. The headline of the June 28, 1899, edition of the Daily Express read “Negro Suspect’s Story Straight,” and “Hart and Cary said to have been in Tampico when the crime was committed.”

On June 29, the Daily Light reported District Attorney Carlos Bee had produced a letter from the American consul in Tampico verifying the alibi. Bee asked Sands:

… if he had made a confession of the murder of Mrs. Madarasz and he replied that if he had he knows nothing of it. He stated that sometimes he loses his mind and that he does not know what he talks about in such cases. He said he fell out a tree while a boy and has been affected ever since. He said he loses his mind, when he becomes frightened. He is a very ignorant negro. Both men denied they had ever been in San Antonio before.

Hart is an intelligent negro. He stated he was a British subject in the Bahama Islands and that he had gone to school fourteen years and was a monitor and had taught school. He was also a tailor in his country and regretted ever having left his shop….

Their stories must have been convincing to the point it moved some in the room to contribute to their transportation back out of San Antonio:

After the men had been discharged District Attorney Carlos Bee, Country Treasurer John Tobin and others who were in the courtroom contributed a little change toward them until each man had a dollar.

While that seems small compensation for their inconvenience, at least they were not hung by an angry mob.

But, that leaves the murder of Helen Madarasz a mystery.

That’s why I think her spirit still wanders the park at night, tending the flowers and seeking the guilty.

Let me know if you see her.

*I object to calling a 61 year-old “aged,” but that certainly pales in comparison to the quick accusations in the press against Mexicans and African Americans at the time.

Update on August 5, 2012: The ghosts who might be haunting Madarasz Park appear to be multiplying, and I promise they are not figments resulting from over-percolating in bath bubbles. Sarah sent me a clipping from the March 29, 1907, issue of the San Antonio Gazette that indicates this could be titled “The Curse of Madarasz Park.”

The parkland claimed the lives of four men during a one-year period. On May 14, 1906, Ernest Richter, “an aged man from Fredericksburg,” drowned. The proprietor who took over the management of the park in June of that year, Otto Petrus Goetz, committed suicide there on December 3. The fate of the following proprietor, Sam Wigodsky, was hardly better. He and his employee, William Berger, drowned on March 28, 1907, when their boat capsized as they tried to retrieve an empty beer keg midstream. While the drowning of the two men, both in their mid-30s, was ruled accidental, reports the following day claimed Wigodsky had been in possession of $1,000 in cash, mysteriously missing. Makes one almost afraid to ask the fate of the next proprietor….

20 thoughts on “The Madarasz murder mystery: Might Helen haunt Brackenridge Park?

  1. safoodnazi says:

    What a wonderful history lesson and piece of writing. Thank you for sharing.

    Like

  2. Susie Monday says:

    Now you need to write the novel!

    Like

    • Thanks, Susie. Actually, I went on and wrote the post because she falls between two books already in line – the novel about Koehler and the story of the Coker Settlement, which is how I ended up researching Hungarians in San Antonio. Although, I can tell Helen is worming her way into both of these….

      Like

      • Kerry says:

        Did you ever complete and publish either of the books? I’m intrigued how the Koehler’s are linked! I came across this article while researching Laszlo Ujhazi, Helen’s father. Such fascinating history.

        Liked by 1 person

      • Kerry – The Koehlers actually are not linked to the Hungarians as far as I know. I just stumbled across the Madarasz story and found it interesting. Am currently back to working on that book. The manuscript about the Coker Settlement is finished, but publication plans are not firmed up as yet. Did come across a copy of a thesis concerning Laszlo Ujhazi. I accessed it through the University of Texas at San Antonio archives: Gaspar, Steven, Four Nineteenth-Century Hungarian Travelers in America, PhD Dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, 1967.

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      • Kerry says:

        Thanks! I misinterpreted your statement of “Helen worming her way in”. My article about her father came out today in “Olmos Park Living”. 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

      • Kerry – Not familiar with “Olmos Park Living,” aside from having lived there a number of years ago, but would love to see a copy of your article. Is it accessible online? Thanks.

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      • Kerry says:

        It’s not available online, but I can email you a copy. “OP Living” started maybe 9 months ago.

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  3. acflory says:

    Thanks so much for this post! I was born in Hungary and knew that many Hungarians had emigrated to the US but I had no idea there were so many or that there were place names in the US that originated in recognizable Hungarian words! Very exciting.

    The story of your poor ghost is rather sad though and I can’t help wondering if those unfortunate proprietors who came after her may not have been ‘punished’ rather than just the victims of bad luck. After all, the real murders were never found but don’t the detective novels always tell you to ‘follow the money’?

    I don’t believe in real ghosts but this story definitely piqued my imagination!

    Like

    • Ah, but the “curse” part is how Helen is slipping briefly into my novel concerning the death of a San Antonio beer baron in the 19-teens, so I’m not going there on the blog.

      I had no knowledge of Hungarians in San Antonio until I started following threads from the Coker Cemetery for the book I have been commissioned to write about the dairy farming settlement. Jack McGuire’s book for the Institute of Texan Cultures series is quite detailed, at least two long chapters dedicated to Helen’s family, a family who did not themselves live at the settlement.

      Thanks for your interest!

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      • acflory says:

        lol – I’ll wait for the novel then – with great interest!

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      • Fiborg says:

        If you want to find out more then Helen (Ilona) Ujhazy Madarasz you can read hungarian book: Peter Bogati: Edes Polim!, where you find original letters from Helen to her older sister Pauline to Hungary at 50’s to 70’s years of 19. century. The letters are wroted in hungarian language, but on web you can find many translate programs.
        I’ve got a question for you: I would be interested the title of Jack McGuire’s book for the Institute of Texan Cultures, where he wrote detailed to Helen’s family, because I would be interested of life this women (Helen).
        Sorry for my wrong English…
        Greetings!
        Tibor

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      • Tibor – Thanks so much for responding. I originally checked the book out of our public library but found it so useful for understanding the migration of several Hungarian families to the Coker Settlement in San Antonio that I bought a copy. I found an inexpensive, used paperback version online through Amazon. It’s “The Hungarian Texans” by James Patrick McGuire published in 1993.

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  4. Fiborg says:

    Thanks for your answer, and for information. If you ever find Helen’s grave and you succeed make a photo of it, I will be very grateful if you send me a photo of the grave.
    Thank you!

    Like

    • Someone just posted a comment here, and it reminded me of your interest in the family. Have no idea how you can access it from Hungary, but this dissertation is a great resource: Gaspar, Steven, Four Nineteenth-Century Hungarian Travelers in America, PhD Dissertation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, 1967. Not sure where you live, but we just returned from a month in Budapest and loved it. Will be posting some of our photos from there here in a couple of weeks.

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  5. Hello, I am a paranormal investigator and stumbled across this information while researching a building. And from my research thus far there was also a second burning, death in 1923 Martha Mansfield, was a victim to a burning in Brakenridge park, she died unfortunately 24 hours later.. The date was November 30th 1923. While filming “The Warrens of Virginia” (sorry just caught my attention) To your knowledge has there been an investigation there, and/or do you have any other information on the legends of this area? Judging on the circumstances, this looks like a good possible location to research, PS. thank you for the post, and the tip. WP-

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  6. Will – So shocked that I have never heard the story of the Martha Mansfield tragedy or even of the filming of “The Warrens” in Brackenridge Park.

    http://theyplayedinsilence.wordpress.com/2013/01/23/the-tragic-death-of-martha-mansfield/

    http://themanyfacesofdeath.blogspot.com/2011/09/death-by-smokers-match-martha-mansfield.html

    Hoop skirts and flickering matches were always deadly combinations.

    I really have never heard any stories of paranormal sightings in the park, but the spirits of these two women certainly would be likely candidates to haunt the area.

    Thanks for sharing the Mansfield story with me…. A hallowed eve blog posting perhaps?

    Like

  7. I am so grateful for finding this post. I am almost “finished” with my historical fiction which is based in San Antonio in 1901. This report about Helen adds a bit of flavor to my story. Thank you! Oh, and as far as we know, the killer was never found. Correct?

    Like

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